Water Testing Methods: Measuring Conductivity Levels In Fluids

Pool Water Testing

Safe, healthy water. It’s what we all want most when it comes to our pools and spas.

Regularly testing your water is an essential part of maintaining your pool’s welfare. Getting an accurate reading of your water chemistry helps you understand exactly how much of what product your pool needs. Testing your pool water prevents the possibility of under-treating or over-treating the water, which keeps your pool properly balanced and saves you money!

Let’s go over a few of the basics when it comes to properly testing your pool’s water. There are two ways to test your pool water — at home or in-store.

At-Home Pool Water Testing

Leslie’s offers several options you can use at home, including test kits and test strips. Testing at home is easy, but there are a few things you need to know before getting started. Which type of test will work best for you? Let’s take a quick look at the pros and cons of each:

Liquid Test Kits

PROS

  • Most accurate type of water test. Liquid DPD reagents are the best for testing chlorine levels in your pool
  • Testing available for more diverse aspects of water chemistry
  • This method is used by pool professionals and health departments

CONS

  • Most expensive water test
  • Testing process can take longer and be more complicated than test strips
  • Reagent bottles must be held vertically to ensure uniform drop size, and drops must be counted as they’re slowly added
  • More prone to user-error

Test Strips

PROS

  • Fastest water test
  • Simple to use and read
  • Least expensive to purchase
  • Most popular option for pool owners wanting a quick, daily pool chemistry analysis

CONS

  • Fewer options for testing capabilities
  • Not as accurate or precise as a liquid test kit
  • Some results take just a few seconds to develop, and some take longer; for tests with multiple results on the same strip, it’s important to understand the timing so you don’t get inaccurate results
  • Hands must be completely dry when removing the strip from the container

Special Tests

Standard test kits will accurately test for the four or five principal tests most homeowners need. There are also specialty tests that can be conducted in certain circumstances:

  • Biguanide water treatment systems, found on some swimming pools, require biguanide test strips to check the sanitizer levels, pool pH, alkalinity, and calcium hardness levels.
  • Test for salt on saltwater pools using a salt test strip. if you use a salt-chlorine generator, you will also need to test for chlorine.
  • Phosphates can be tested using a phosphate test kit. Phosphate can enter a pool from a variety of sources, such as lawn fertilizers, and they can lead to algae that feed on the phosphates.
  • If pool water stains the surface of your pool, you can test for metals such as copper or iron using special test strips designed for the purpose.
  • Chloramines (combined chlorine) can be tested with a DPD test kit. ShockCheck test strips can tell you when shocking is needed to remove chloramine.
  • TDS (total dissolved solids) can be tested with a SafeDip test meter.

Why Testing Your Pool Water Is Important

Your pool, while it looks like a pond, is more of a chemistry lab. The chemicals in your pool can either keep it clean or make it potentially dangerous. Testing your water is the only way to know for sure what those invisible chemicals are doing in your water.

You need to test your water often. While it might seem like a hassle, it’s a good thing! The better balanced your water, the less cleaning and water changing.

When and How Often to Test Your Pool

You can test pool water yourself, but if you don’t feel super comfortable doing that, you can also take a sample in for professional testing when you open and close your pool. A second set of eyes keeps it safe and clean. On the whole, you should be testing your pool at least once a month in addition to when you open and close it for the season.

Regular testing is essential for your chlorine, alkalinity, and pH levels. It’s so significant, the CDC calls chlorine and pH your “disinfecting team.” The minimum testing schedule for pH and chlorine is weekly, starting before you open your pool.

There are other times that you should test for balanced levels though, including:

  • After a rainstorm
  • After large groups have used the pool
  • Before beginning any form of algae treatment (pH testing is mandatory here)
  • After changes in the weather
  • After adding water
  • Before you close your pool
  • If you notice any issues with your water, like cloudiness or color changes

Pool-water chemical levels to test and balance

The four chemical levels critical to healthy water are free chlorine, calcium hardness, pH, and total alkalinity. Along with cyanuric acid (a type of water conditioner sometimes referred to as “sunblock for pool water”), these compounds work in unison, and having each at the right level helps deliver sparkling, swim-ready water.

If water analysis indicates that one or more chemical levels are too high or too low, the message is to take action. With the water readings, you will know to add products like chlorine, muriatic acid, sodium bicarbonate, or other pool treatments.

Sources of contamination in swimming pools

Potential sources of microbes in your pool may include:

  • People swimming in the pool – this is the main source of microbes.
  • Animals, such as dogs – some pets like to paddle in the pool on hot days.
  • Dead wildlife – for example, frogs, lizards or insects may occasionally drown in your pool.
  • Debris from around the property, such as leaves, grass and dust.

Why You Should Hire Wasps Control Services

How NOT to remove a wasp nest

There are many sources online advising on the best DIY methods to remove a wasp nest. Wasps are aggressive creatures and require little to no aggravation to attack, so trying to remove a wasp nest yourself can cost you both financially and physically.

DIY wasp nest removal is Not advised!

1. Burning a wasp nest

Using fire to remove a wasp nest is a very dangerous task and is not a successful way to eradicate the wasps.

Wasp nests are made from a thin papery substance produced by chewing wood into a pulp, making it extremely flammable. Because of this, burning a wasp nest can often lead to not only your property catching fire, but also you suffering painful burns.

Another problem with burning a wasp nest is that it is not an effective way to control a wasp problem. This is because it doesn’t kill all the wasps. It can lead to the remaining wasps in the nest becoming violent, as well as the wasps out foraging for food, resulting in them attacking you and any bystanders.

2. Water

Using water is often regarded as another way to get rid of a wasp nest. The truth is that flooding a wasps nest isn’t an effective method at all. This is because:

Depending on the location of the nest, using water to remove a wasp nest can result in further damages to your property. For example, if the wasp nest is your attic, trying to remove a wasp nest by flooding it could cause water damage to your attic beams and ceiling plaster boards.

Trying to flood a nest won’t get rid of all the wasps inhabiting the hive either. Similar to the effects of trying to burn a wasp nest, the wasps will become vicious and begin to attack, leaving you with a handful of painful stings.

3. Destroying a wasp nest with a baseball bat

Destroying a wasp nest with a bat, racket or any other item is another talked about removal option. To be honest, this is the least intelligent idea for removing a wasp nest yourself.

Trying to remove a wasp nest by destroying it with a baseball bat will put you at direct risk of getting stung, not only once but multiple times. This can be particularly dangerous if you are allergic to wasp stings as you could go into anaphylactic shock.

This method of DIY wasp nest removal puts you in close proximity to the hive, which is often enough aggravate them to trigger an attack. Trying to remove a wasp nest using a baseball bat can often result in being stung before the task has started.

How to get rid of a wasp nest without getting stung

If you have professional experience with disposing of active wasp nests, you may use one or more of the following methods. If not, the Fantastic Services team recommends that you leave this job to the professionals.

  • With pesticide spray. You can purchase a wasp killing pesticide from your local supermarket. Follow the instructions on the can. The most common practice is to spray the pesticide in the opening of the nest for about 20 seconds. That is all. If the nest is active on the next day, repeat the process. Once all wasps are dead, you can knock down the nest.
  • With insecticidal dust. If you’re dealing with a ground nest, insecticidal dust can prove useful. Just apply the dust on the nest liberally and then, vacate the area. Give it up to two days to work. If the nest is still active, repeat the process.
  • With smoke. If you have a nest on a tree branch or somewhere away from your house, you can also try lighting a fire under it. The smoke will rise and suffocate the wasps, forcing them to leave it. Once they’re gone, you can knock down the nest.
  • By dunking the nest in water. This one is effective but dangerous, and it’s only useful for aerial nests. First, place a bucket of water under the wasp nest. Then, carefully put the entire nest into a cloth bag. Make sure the bag has no holes or tears. Then, tightly secure the top of the bag with a firm string. Now, you can safely cut the nest from the branch and then, dunk it in the bucket. Place something heavy on top of the bucket and leave it overnight. The wasps should be dead by morning.

How long do wasps live?

Wasps are one of the most common stinging insects that pop up around spring and the summer time each year. These pesky bugs can cause a lot of pain, both physically and mentally for homeowners. So, how long do wasps live?

The lifecycle of a wasp depends on the species, but in general a worker wasps life can last from 12-22 days, while a queen can live up to a year. There are many different types of wasps in North America, paper wasps and yellowjackets being the two most common.

Paper wasp lifecycle

When the queens are fertilized, they spend their winters in sheltered areas like underneath tree barks, or crevices found in homes or other buildings. The queen then selects their nesting area and builds it in the spring.

The eggs are laid down and then hatched into larvae. Paper wasp larvae will develop in stages before becoming an adult. Workers will help build the nest, feed the young, and protect the nest. When a paper wasp nest matures it can hold anywhere between 20-30 adults. The queen will stop laying eggs in the late summer and shortly after the colony will die off; which will make it around 3-4 months for workers and 10-12 months for queens.

Yellowjacket wasp lifecycle

Yellowjackets or Vespula vulgaris are also social insects, and are able to build their nests the size of a basketball. Yellowjackets share similar nesting habits to paper wasps, where the queen will find shelter in the winter and seek a nest in the spring.

However, because of the queen’s ability to store sperm, the queen is able to lay eggs throughout the summer, and will run out at the end of the season. Which makes the lifecycle of this type of queen wasp, anywhere from 10-12 months.

Wasps can die of loneliness

Wasps are very social creatures and will build many colonies based off how well they mate. Since the purpose of a wasps life is to mate and/or create offspring, unmated wasps will eventually die off. Any unmated wasp, male or female, will perish around late summer to early fall.

How to prevent a wasp nest

Being a wasp preventer is always a better choice than being a wasp killer, and there are a number of precautions you can take to stop wasps from building nests in your property:

  • Shut your bins: Leaving bins open will attract wasps that are looking for some easy food. To keep wasps out of your bins always make sure the lid is put on properly and keep your bins away from the building if possible.
  • Protect windows and doors: One of the easiest ways to prevent a wasp nest is to keep wasps out of your home. Keep your doors and windows shut where possible, or install fly screens to stop insects getting in while still keeping the property cool during hot weather.
  • Search for wasp nests: When it comes to springtime, it is worthwhile checking any spots that are likely to house a wasp nest. If you check for these during the spring, then the wasp nest will be small, and wasp nest removal will be simple. At this time of year, they will be around the size of a golf ball.

Does the old queen die off?

A queen wasp survives for one year only. She is hatched in the autumn along with around 1500 of her sisters then once mated she hibernates through the winter months then emerges in the spring ready to build a brand new nest. Only a small proportion of hibernating queens survive winter.

Once she has started the nest and hatched a few worker wasps, she spends the rest of her life in the nest as an egg-laying machine. In late summer/early autumn as the nest comes to the end of its natural life, the queen lays special eggs which once again are new queens for the next year.

Do wasps return to the same site?

Wasps do not generally return to the same place year after year. However, some roofs are favoured for their position and habitat. Some people say to us “we get a wasp nest every year”. If you appear to get a wasp nest every year, take a look at your roof, is it exposed to the sun all day? Wasps love warm locations.

Does your roof have plenty of gaps for wasps to gain entry?

Is there plenty of old wood available near your home (fence panels, garden sheds) for the wasps to use as a nest-building material? Food supply and local water supply will also be a factor.

Office Moves To A Remote Location

THINGS TO CONSIDER BEFORE HIRING OFFICE MOVERS

Is your office looking to make a big move this year? If so, there’s a lot of planning that you need to do to get your team ready. One of the biggest things you need to do is to hire an office moving company. But, with plenty of moving companies out there, which one should you choose? Make the right choice, and you’ll have a smooth and easy move that brings minimal disruption to your business. But, choose the wrong company, and you could easily have a disaster on your hands. Don’t worry, we’re here to make the decision an easy one. Check out this guide to learn the top things to consider before hiring office movers.

Get Recommendations from Those You Trust

Before hiring office movers, you should first talk to those you trust for recommendations. Considering that 40 million people, or 14 percent of the population, move each year, there’s a good chance that you have someone in your life that you can trust for a recommendation.  It’s possible that someone you know had a bad experience with a reputable company. On the other hand, it’s possible someone had an excellent experience with a relatively new company. While Google can certainly be reliable for finding a moving company, asking for recommendations from those you trust can help you read between the lines.

License and Insurance

Before hiring an office moving company, you also want to look into their license and insurance. Never, under any circumstance, should you use a moving company that isn’t licensed and insured. If you are relocating your office within the state, then it’s important to note that each state has different rules and regulations when it comes to licensing, so it’s important to look into your own state’s information. Insurance is also extremely important for a moving company, as without insurance, you could end up footing the bill for a mover who gets hurt on the job.

Experience

Obviously, you want to make sure the moving company you hire has a few years of experience under their belt. However, you also want to make sure that the company you hire has experience in your specific type of move. Moving from one house to another is a lot different than moving from one high-rise office to the next. Therefore, you need to make sure you hire a company that has experience with office moving. Only an office moving company will know the ins and outs of moving fragile office equipment, finding parking in busy downtown areas, and fitting heavy office furniture in elevators and up staircases.

Review the Estimate Carefully

Last but not least, you want to make sure you review the estimate the moving company gives you carefully. Make sure you cross those T’s and dot the I’s, and read all of the fine print. If you get a super cheap rate from a moving company, it may be tempting to immediately say yes. But, you often get what you pay for, so tread lightly. Before you sign, make sure the company you hire is transparent about all of their charges.

Items to Include on Your Complete Office Moving Checklist

For businesses, moving office locations can be a stressful and tedious process. The move must go as smoothly as possible. The more issues that pop up, the longer it will take to get up and running at the new space. Preparation is one of the best ways to avoid hold-ups and ensure everything is accounted for. Creating an office moving checklist is a must for business owners and managers.

Office Furniture

There’s a good chance the furniture in your office will account for the most bulk during your move. You’ll need to make some decisions before moving day. Take a careful inventory of all your office furniture and determine which items you should get rid of. There’s no point in moving useless furniture to the new space.

Tech Equipment

Things like computers and modems require extra care during an office move. You need to have these items labeled and appropriately packed. Most of these devices also include hardware, cords, and other accessories. Make sure you account for everything during the packing process.

Important Documents

Even in today’s digital business environment, most offices contain sensitive documents. These could include client contracts, employee records, and trademarked business information. You must treat these documents with care. You’ll need to remove them from file cabinets and securely transport them to the new space.

General Office Equipment

Go through your office and write down all the pieces of general equipment involved in the move. This includes printers, fax machines, telephones, and office supplies. This is another situation where you should consider the condition of the item. A piece of equipment that’s outdated might not be worth moving to the new space.

Moving Office Tips for Employees

Moving office takes time, luckily, it is a burden that everyone in the company shares equally. With the right planning, organisation and coordination, a lot can be achieved with as little effort invested as possible. The work must carry on at the new workplace location, so having everyone exhausted by the move may result in turnover you don’t need. Therefore, everyone must play their part in this process. Here is our office moving checklist for employees.

Tell all your clients

The first thing you need to keep in mind is that this move isn’t just affecting you. For instance, what happens in a situation where an important client decides to visit you, unannounced, at your old location, only to find you absent. In this case, they might get the impression that they are not important enough to get a timely notification of your company’s relocation. To avoid this, contact your clients in advance and let them know you’re moving office, including the new office address, change of operating hours and telephone number (if any).

Make an announcement

When a company relocates, there are so many things to do. Most importantly, your workforce needs to make an important choice whether they will relocate with your business or quit. In a situation where the move is across the country, it isn’t that odd to assume that some staff may decide to leave, yet this is something that needs to be discussed in time.  It is vital that the employee responsible for spreading this announcement (most commonly someone from HR) does this to give employees enough time to work their notice period and recruit for new staff. This usually means weeks or even months in advance.

Hire office movers

As for the move itself, contacting professional office movers in advance to avoid the hustle. The office manager is recommended to have the full list of the items, including computers, furniture and storage, that are transported to a target location. It may be more cost effective to purchase new office furniture and equipment at the new location than to pay for the relocation of goods from your existing office. You can either sell these items or donate them to a charitable organisation. It is recommended to get an itemised quote from the office movers to work out what is the best course of action for you.

Get the packaging material

Simply contacting office movers isn’t enough, it is also your job to secure all the materials that you’re going to take to your target location. For this, you need to get a sufficient amount of boxes, duct tape, labels and other important items. It is important that you are as organised as possible during this process.  It is common for many items to get misplaced and mishandled during the move as people don’t know the importance of the contents of the box. For this reason alone, some companies purchase, borrow or rent out a label printer.

Things to Think About Before Moving Office

If you’re running your own business, it’s highly likely that at some point you’ll be faced with the decision to move offices. You may be a solo operator looking to branch out beyond your home office, maybe you’re exploring new geographic markets, or perhaps you’re expanding a small team and simply need more space. It’s inevitable that your business needs or operations will change over time and the office space you’re in, may simply not always be able to support them.

Location, Location, Location

Just like moving home, selecting the right location for your new office requires careful consideration. Take some time to think about your customers or clients and other stakeholders, as well as your staff.

Technology

The technological infrastructure is an important element that you’ll need to factor in, which largely depends on what your business needs. Things to consider include:

Power

Heating & cooling

Communication services

Wireless connectivity

Phone/computer systems & cabling

Security

How Much Space Do You Need?

Moving office is a good time to take a look at the type of business you are running and what type of space will best support it. Will you be there from 9-5 each day, or do you spend a significant amount of time visiting customers? What about weekends? Do your employees need a traditional workstation (desk/chair/computer), or does it need to be a more flexible set-up? Your specific business and the type of work that you do will dictate the type of work space need, so consider this carefully.

What About Furnishings?

New furnishings are often a necessity when moving into a new office. If the new layout is significantly different, there’s a chance any current furniture you have won’t fit into the new space. On the other hand, if you’re moving into a bigger space, more furnishings will be a necessity.

How to Pack your Desk for an Office Move

Whether you are moving to a new desk or to a completely new office, packing your desk can be a bit of a hassle, especially when the bulk of packing is done during the work day. It is important to plan out your packing process and make sure all your important items are secured properly. Below you will find some helpful tips on how to pack your desk, so you will be ready for the big move!

Declutter your workspace– A desk tends to become a catch-all for paperwork, pens, cups, food wrappers, etc. It is important to get rid of all trash or unnecessary items you may no longer need. You can easily determine what should be thrown away by simply asking yourself, “Have I used this in the last 6 months?” If the answer is no, then toss it! Decluttering your workspace will make the packing process much easier.

Pack paperwork– Paperwork and files are most likely going to be the bulk of what needs to be packed and organized before your move. Be sure to collect all your important paperwork and organize it with file folders. Don’t forget to label the folders, so you can determine which paperwork is in each file. Less important paperwork can be scanned and transferred to a flash drive or a disk to save space. Once all your important documents have been organized in file folders, place them into a box and label the box, so it can be easily located upon arrival

Pack smaller items– Smaller items on your desk such as pens, pencils, rulers, staplers, tape, scissors, can take up a lot of space when packing. It is important to stay organized and keep like items together. Pens, pencils, highlighters, etc. can be consolidated into one small box or a pencil case. Slightly larger items like rulers, staplers, and tape can be put into a gallon-sized Ziplock bag. All liquids such as hand sanitizer, lotion, white out, etc. should be packed separately in their own box or bag to prevent spills. Any food items can be placed into a grocery bag separate from all office supplies.

Disconnect electronics– If your company is not providing technical disconnect and reconnect services, it is important to disconnect all your electronic devices such as computers, phones, and printers; so they are ready for relocation.

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Divorce And Family Law Attorney For Unique Families

Questions to Ask Your Family Attorney During a Consultation

If you find yourself embroiled in a family dispute, you should consider seeking legal counsel from an established family attorney. 

A family attorney can assist with dealing in matters of divorce, legal separation, child custody, child support, paternity, restraining orders, spousal support, premarital agreements, wills and trusts, and estate planning. No matter what the legal issue may be, it’s crucial to have the right representation when you need it the most.

Before making the choice to hire a family law attorney, it’s important to conduct an interview so you may thoroughly ensure your goals for the case will be met.

The Top Questions to Ask Your Family Attorney

Because lawyers often provide a free or low-cost consultation to discuss case details and possible avenues to pursue, you should take that opportunity to ask several questions. They will help you determine not only the merit of your case, but whether that attorney may be the right one for you.

While your questions may vary depending on the type of situation you need assistance with, here are the top  questions to ask your family attorney during a consultation:

What is your level of experience?

Depending on your circumstances, you may prefer to have a veteran attorney on your side. At the same time, you want to make sure your attorney is well-versed in the law when it concerns family affairs. 

Find out too whether the attorney has dealt more in one type of case over another, what their track record is, and how often their cases wound up settling outside of court instead. Most importantly, make sure this attorney is not only compatible with defending your case, but also bringing something unique to it.

What type of cases do you usually handle and who is your typical client?

Relating somewhat to the first question, you will want to know if your attorney will be right for the job. For example, if your case is for an adoption, you might want to reconsider if your attorney deals primarily with estate planning. 

It’s also important to find out who their typical client is, because if that attorney deals primarily with corporate clients or clients far beyond your financial means, they may not be used to handling a client like you or your best interests.

What are my options?

Another question to ask the attorneys you meet with that is related to the first one is what your options are. You should now know how the attorney or firm prefer to manage custody cases, but you should also find out if they’re giving you the whole picture.

While this might be something you will want to ask every attorney you meet with, you may want to dig a little more into this specifically with any attorney that seems overly zealous to get you into litigation.

Am I being reasonable?

Divorce is a time of extreme emotional strain. When children are involved it’s that much more amplified.

When emotions run high it sometimes clouds judgment. What you may feel is extremely reasonable in regards to your assumptions of how much parenting time you will have compared to your ex-spouse, attorneys may not agree.

I think the most important questions for a parent to ask a divorce attorney at the very beginning of a litigation is whether the attorney thinks that parent’s idea for a custody/parenting time arrangement is fair or not. Most parties come to an attorney with an idea as to what the custody/parenting time arrangement should be. If the party can provide his/her attorney with that idea and explain why they think it is fair, the attorney can then provide feedback and let the party know the likelihood of that custody or parenting time schedule being put into place by a Court or by agreement.

Getting on the same page with the attorney you hire right from the start will only make the entire process that much smoother.

How Long Does it Take You to Respond to Calls and Emails?

You need someone who is going to keep you up to date with information concerning your case. At the very least, your lawyer should be able to call you back when they miss your call or answer an email within 24 hours.

When you’re asking the lawyer about how long they take to answer you back you may also want to talk to them about their preferred contact method. Chances are that using it will get you a faster response.

Will Anyone Else be Working on My Case?

Depending on how complicated your case is, the attorney you’re talking to on the phone may not be the only one working on it. Sometimes they will bring on extra associates and paralegals. If things are really dicey then a personal investigator may get involved.

The reason why you want to ask about these individuals is that you want to make sure that they are experienced. You also want to find out how much adding them on will cost and if your attorney has dealt with them in the past.

“How Do You Charge Clients? Can You Provide Me With An Estimate For My Case?”

During your consultation, ask how the attorney typically charges clients. Is there an hourly rate? Do they work on a retainer or a flat fee? What other costs will be involved in your case (court costs, outside consultants, travel expenses, etc.)? A good family lawyer will be upfront about the costs involved and how the billing process works.

If you are thinking of hiring a lawyer for a flat-fee arrangement, find out what services are included in the scope of the agreement, and what will happen if your legal needs expand outside that scope.

If the attorney charges an hourly rate, you should ask how much cases like yours typically cost. While most family lawyers can provide you with a ballpark estimate for your case, a good attorney will also explain the many factors that could potentially affect the cost of your case, such as the behavior of the opposing party and opposing counsel, facts of the case that are uncovered at a later date, and more.

Is the lawyer someone I can relate to and trust?

If you get a bad feeling during the initial consultation, trust your gut. It’s better to get a second opinion than to hire an attorney that is not the right fit for you, a decision that you will regret later. In fact, it’s never a bad idea to consult with two or three lawyers when before making your decision. In comparing one law firm against another, think about how the firm handled the screening and intake process of your case from the first contact to the present.

For example, when you first attempted contact, did you receive prompt service and attention? Or did your call go to voicemail? Was the person that you spoke to knowledgeable about family law matters such as child support modification and child custody? Did they ask probative questions that led you to believe that they were both experienced and professional? Did they take a special interest in you? Or did they try to get you off the phone as quickly as possible? Did they promptly send you an intake form for you to complete? Did they make the scheduling process simple and efficient? After the initial consultation, did they follow up with you in any manner? All of these factors can help you assess the level of attention that you will likely receive at the law firm in question should you hire them to represent you. The best firms have professional, experienced staff members ready to assist you at a moment’s notice.

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How To Combat With Drain Clogged Toilet On Ones Own

Dont Let Your Drain Clog Up Your Day

The bathroom is one of the most frequently used rooms in your home. And when your sink, shower or toilet gets backed up, it creates not only a mess, but a major inconvenience. So if you see water draining or flushing slowly, you need to take immediate steps to eradicate clogs.

HOW TO FIX BATHROOM CLOGS

The steps you take to fix bathroom clogs will vary depending on which drain is backed up. Below, you’ll find some different types of clogs and ways to fix them. Additionally, we’ve got a list of items that can clog your drains, so you can try to prevent the problem in the first place.

A clogged sink will drain slowly, or not at all. Below, you’ll find some tips to help clear out those pipes.

1. Clean the stopper: Soap scum, gunk and hair can collect on your sink stopper. Remove yours and soak it in hot water. Afterwards, you can clean the stopper using distilled white vinegar.

2. Plunge: Plungers aren’t just for toilets; they can also unstop sinks and showers. Just make sure you’re using one of the good ball-shaped models that you buy at a hardware store.

3. Remove the drain trap: If you or someone in the house is fairly handy, you can try cleaning out the p-trap, which is the bendy pipe you can see under the sink. You’ll want to turn off the water first.

4. Make a drain volcano: Pour 1 cup of distilled white vinegar into the clogged drain. Then, gently sprinkle ½ cup baking soda into the drain. Plug that up immediately, and let it sit for about 15 to 30 minutes. Afterwards, remove the plug and flush the drain with very hot water. Note: If you use this method and your sink is still clogged, do not follow up with a commercial drain cleaner. The resulting chemical reaction can be extremely hazardous to your health

If you notice the toilet seems to be flushing slower than usual, there’s a good chance you have a clog. Here’s how to get that forceful flush back:

1. Try a plunger: As with the sink, we mean a solid plunger like you’d find at a home repair shop. Only flush once after plunging. Otherwise, you risk overflowing the toilet. If it’s still flushing slowly, move on to the next step.

2. Break out the snake: Snakes can help you remove clogs that a plunger can’t extract. You can pick one up at the hardware store, and find instructions on how to snake a drain online.

3. Call a plumber: You probably don’t want to try to remove the toilet yourself to see what’s clogging the drain. If plunging and snaking didn’t render any results, it’s time to call in the professionals.

Every time you brush your teeth or wash your hands, you’re sending things down your sink that form into soap scum and have the potential to cause a clog one day. These items include:

Emollients and moisturizers

Floss

Hair

Skin flakes

Soap

Toothpaste

Things That Will Clog Your Toilet

Can You Flush Cigarette Butts Down The Toilet?

Many people mistakenly believe that there is no harm in flushing cigarette butts down the toilet. Not only can cigarette butts potentially clog your pipes, but they are also filled with dangerous chemicals that can leach into and contaminate the water supply. You should never flush your cigarette butts down the toilet!

Bathroom Wipes

These have become an increasingly popular alternative to normal toilet paper, but even “flushable” wipes can create clogs and back up sewer systems. These types of wipes may go down the toilet, but sanitation officials say they don’t degrade after they flush and cost city sanitary systems thousands, if not millions, of dollars to repair city pipes and septic tanks.

Hair

Just because hair is a natural part of your body doesn’t mean it’s safe to flush. Hair can clog up any drain, including that in your shower, sink, and toilet. When hair goes down the toilet, it clumps together and forms blockages in your plumbing system.

Fats, Oils, and Grease

You may have flushed fats, oils, or grease down your toilet, but this practice can cause serious plumbing issues. While these fatty substances generally flush as liquids, they eventually cool and create buildup on the sides of pipes. These buildups eventually form blockages.

Disposable Diapers

Even though they contain human waste, diapers are not made to go in the toilet. In fact, disposable diapers are made with toxic plastic that expands when exposed to water. If you do manage to get the diaper down the toilet, you may soon find it stuck in your pipes, leaving a dirty mess on your hands

Never Flush These Things Down the Toilet

Too Much Toilet Paper

Yes, toilet paper belongs in the toilet—but to a point. Use a reasonable amount of TP and your plumbing will be fine. But if you start tossing excessive amounts into the bowl, chances are you’re going to not only wind up with a quick-fix clog but, over time, some serious issues.

Paper Towels

These are one of the most common sources of clogs. Many people consider them to be in the same category as toilet paper—but they aren’t. Unlike toilet paper, paper towels are not designed to break down when they get wet. In fact, most are designed for the exact opposite purpose—to stay strong when mopping up liquid messes. While that’s great for cleaning, it also makes paper towels a nightmare for your plumbing.

Medicine

Flushing old or unwanted medication down the toilet can, again, seem like a simple way to safely dispose of potentially dangerous or expired pills, capsules and tablets—but doing this often causes more harm than good. These medications can seep into waterways and enter the systems of fish and other creatures, causing major damage along the way.

Wipes

While many baby wipes and personal hygiene wipes say “flushable” on the package, they’re actually not flushable at all. These wipes don’t break down when wet. The proof? They’re wet inside the package, and they don’t break down, even after months or years—same when you flush them. These are one of the most common causes of plumbing blockages we see.

Cigarettes

Flushing cigarette butts might seem like the safest way to make sure they’re fully out, but those cigarette butts ultimately end up in the water, contaminating rivers and lakes as well as the environment. They can also do damage closer to home, clogging up your toilet in less time than you’d imagine.

THINGS THAT SHOULD NEVER GO DOWN THE DRAIN OR TOILET

Before you put anything down the drain remember, it could end up in your drinking water. As we live increasingly busier lifestyles, looking for shortcuts along the way is natural. But sometimes those shortcuts don’t save us any time at all and ultimately end up costing us hundreds – or thousands – of dollars.

That’s especially true with a delicate plumbing system and why it’s important to be aware of the many household items you should never put in a sink or flush down the toilet. Look, we’ve all been there. We’re trying to prepare dinner for the family and clean up the mess left behind, so we just dump the grease in the sink. Or, someone is coming over to visit and – in a rush – we try to flush the cat litter down the toilet.

Medications and Pharmaceuticals

Any unused or unwanted prescription or over-the-counter medications should never be flushed down the toilet or drain. Studies have established that medicines flushed down the drain can contaminate lakes and streams, which can harm fish and other wildlife, and often end up in our drinking water.

Chunk Waste

Big chunks of waste – such as sand, plastics, toys, animal parts, grass, goldfish, metals and cat litter – should never be flushed or disposed of down the drain. Seems obvious, doesn’t it? You’d be amazed at what we find in clogged drains. That includes whole meals kids have dumped off their plates and flushed down the toilet.

Tampons and Sanitary Napkins

Tampons and pads are meant to absorb moisture and expand. They don’t dissolve in water. They get stuck in plumbing systems all the time and clog toilets and drain pipes. That means more work for us plumbers, but needless expense for homeowners

How to unclog toilets: advice from an expert plumber

It’s every homeowner’s worst nightmare. You’re going about your day conducting your business when suddenly, disaster strikes: your toilet is clogged. You flush, as normal, but this time, the waterline rises. And rises. And keeps on rising

Water approaches the brim – it might even overflow, spilling out onto your bathroom floor! That’s when you start freaking out. Just what are you going to do? While your local plumber is always on-call in case of emergencies, there are ways to provide temporary relief until a professional arrives

Home solutions while you wait for professional diagnosis

You’d be surprised at the things we’ve found clogging up people’s toilets! In many cases, toilets can be clogged by a whole range of everyday items – some of which are even marketed as “flushable”.

Here are some of the usual suspects when it comes to toilet blockages:

Poor-quality tissue paper

Sanitary napkins

Paper towels

Cat litter

Wet wipes

Tissues (believe it or not!)

Cotton buds

Take the plunge(r)!

When it comes to unclogging toilets, plungers can be one of the most effective weapons at your disposal.

This entry was posted in Plumbing on by .

Dealing With Shingles Roof

Useful Tips: Installing Asphalt Shingles

So you’ve decided to try your hand at roofing. Awesome! Before you get started, please take a few minutes to go over the main steps involved in the process and a few things to look out for.

Get Ready

Before you start, make sure you have all the tools and equipment needed to properly install your BP asphalt shingles – listed below.

Tools required to install asphalt shingles:

Roofer’s hatchet or pneumatic nail gun

Utility knife, for cutting felts and roofing roll

Tape measure

Chalk line

Carpenter’s square

Tin snips, for cutting metal flashing and shingles

Square shovel, for removing old shingles

Caulking gun

Notched trowel

Material required for the installation of asphalt shingles:

Shingles

Galvanized roofing nails of appropriate length

Asphalt plastic cement

Eave protection (smooth or slate surface roofing roll)

Underlayment

Valley and flashing treatment (smooth or slate surface roofing roll)

Roof ventilators

Determine the slope and ventilation requirements of the roof

In order to determine the slope of the roof, simply place a ruler perpendicular to a staright level on the 30.5 cm (12 in) mark. The distance measured on the ruler between the roof and the level corresponds to the slope of the roof.

Refer to the diagram above for a detailed representation of the instructions.

Low slopes are slopes between 5 cm (2 in) and 10 cm (4 in): installing an eave protection and an underlayment is mandatory.

Standard slopes are slopes between 10 cm (4 in) and 20 cm (8 in): installing an eave protection is mandatory while installing an underlayment is recommended.

Strong slopes and sloping ceilings have a slope of over 20 cm (8 in): installing an eave protection and an underlayment is recommended.

ASPHALT SHINGLES

Instead of working with several different contractors, Keyprime Roofing can help you with all aspects of your roofing job. We can answer your questions, go over the details of your project, and help you design your roof the way you want it.

There are several reasons why asphalt shingles are a great option for your roof.

Versatility. With asphalt shingles, you have endless options; you can choose from an array of colors, textures, sizes, and brands. We can help you find the right asphalt shingles for your exterior home layout.

Cost vs Value. One of the things you love best about asphalt shingles is that they are the most cost-effective roofing product on the market. Plus, you never have to sacrifice value for savings. So, if you are on a budget, our roofing contractors can still help you get what you want at a price you can afford.

Impact Resistance. Do you have trees around your home? Is there a chance that something could hit your roof? Today’s asphalt shingles offer greater impact resistance than ever before. We offer shingles with a Class 4 impact resistance rating. This is the highest rating you can get for asphalt shingles.

Easy Installation. Compared to other types of roofing, asphalt shingle installation is fast and easy. We can complete most jobs within one to two days depending on your roof. Easy installation means fewer labor costs. Keyprime can guarantee fast installation with our experienced roofing contractors.

Class-A Fire Rating. Are you concerned about safety? Asphalt shingles have a Class-A fire rating that meets or exceeds all industry standards. Fiberglass asphalt roofing shingles offer exceptional protection against potential fire spreading throughout your roof.

Personalized Roofing Service Just for You

One of the things that distinguishes Keyprime Roofing from other companies is our commitment to a high level of customer service. When we first meet with you, we learn about what you are looking for and what you expect from our roofing company. This is also a great opportunity for you to ask questions and learn more about asphalt roofing installation.

Once we get an idea of what you are looking for, then we take care of everything from there. We care about our customers and want you to be 100% satisfied with every aspect of our work. You can count on Keyprime Roofing to deliver superior results, competitive rates, and work of the highest caliber anywhere in the area.

Roof Fix Radio Show: What’s New in Shingles

discusses some of the new shingles from GAF, including the Architectural HDZ. This roofing shingle has a wider nailing strip to protect roofs from high winds. The wider nailing strip (along with metal detectors) ensures that all six nails are holding down the shingles and protecting them from high winds. This new shingle has no wind limit, meaning it won’t come off even in 150 miles per hour winds

shouting from the rooftop over 30 years of Home Improvement experience and roof expertise, solid advice about roof repair, replacement, leaks, insurance claims, warning signs and the ever-popular small print. It’s all about the shingles under the sunshine

I mean they manufacture more shingles and they have one of my favorite shingles that we just launched out is going to be the new architectural HDZ. This roofing shingle has a 600% wider nailing strip and let me tell you what we’re doing coastal communities and stuff like that. They have tweeted out there that is an inspection firm that’s a third party insurance. And you know, a lot of those roofs failed because they weren’t getting the nails and the nailing strip.

You know, we use actually metal detectors folks on the roofs to make sure our crews are putting six nails per single Now, this new shingle has no wind limit. I mean, this is an amazing shingle. They put this shingle in a wind environment and got it all the way up to 150 miles per hour. And the neat thing about this was this extra strip, they took also the granules

GAF developed it. They’re the only company that has it and DuraGrip will seal against that 600% wider now thin. And then, of course, we’re using six nails per shingle. So we went from 130 miles per hour wind guarantee to a no wind limit and a lifetime warranty a full 50 years on labor and material. This will be the last roof you ever put on your home.

Things to Know About Metal Over Shingle Roof Problems

Both metal and shingle roofs are great options for your next roofing project. If you are trying to decide between the two materials it’s important to carefully consider the drawbacks of installing a shingle or metal roof. After all,  you’ll be making a significant and long term investment. Conducting an honest comparison can help homeowners make the best decision on what roofing system that will best benefit they’re home.

Common Metal Roof Problems

While metal roof systems are one of the most durable and environmentally friendly roofing material available on the market it does come with its fair share of disadvantages. As you probably know, a metal roof is a major initial investment so knowing some of the drawbacks of this roofing material is important

Corrosion

A galvanized steel metal roof is highly susceptible to corrosion and rust over a period of time. You’ll be surprised to learn that the primary cause of rusting and corrosion is water. Yes, oxygen and pollutants in water combined with the moisture create iron oxide otherwise known as rust. Rust eventually eats away at the metal ultimately decreasing its performance. However, most metal panels are covered with water-resistant paint. Before purchasing metal panels you’ll need to inspect the coating of the paint.

Failing Fasteners or Clips

Fasteners and clips are what holds a metal roof down on the seams. Fasteners and clips are also subject to deterioration largely due to corrosion. Improperly installed and failing fasteners can allow water to enter into the home through open spots. That’s why it’s important to use stainless steel fasteners so you won’t have to worry about the integrity of your metal roof is compromised. When the fasteners or clips fail this can cause the metal panels to expand and contract resulting in the panels lifting.

Easily Scratches

Of course, metal panels are easily scratched. At some point during its lifecycle, you can expect the metal panels to get scuffed or scratched.  However, scratches down to the metal can be problematic. Overgrown trees, debris, and even snow can scuff up the surface. In some instances, this can lead to punctures and tears that result in leaks.   Metal roofs require regular inspection so that needed repairs can be made before the problems become gets worse.

Asphalt Roofing Shingles More To Consider Than You Might Think

Asphalt roofing shingles make up the lion’s share of roofing materials used in residential roofing, and for good reason. They have a number of benefits for the homeowner, including relatively easy installation and low cost compared to other roofing types.

They’re versatile too. Whereas wood shake roofs generally look the same you can get asphalt shingles in a range of colors and styles.

They can even be energy efficient, helping to keep your attic and the rest of your house cooler, provided you buy the right product that’s rated as an ENERGY STAR roofing shingle

There aren’t too many drawbacks to asphalt shingles but if there’s one that stands out, it’s what to do with them once they’re used up. It’s one thing to consider if you’re looking for “green” roofing choices.

And while you might think that all of these products look the same you might be surprised at what’s available. Manufacturers are always working to develop the latest feature or innovation that’ll set them apart, and there are a few that you’ll want to know about before you choose your next asphalt shingle roof.

This entry was posted in Roofing on by .

Hire A Professional Company For The Best Results In Commercial Cleaning

Reasons to Outsource Your Office Cleaning Services

In many aspects our economy has continued to improve since the 2008 financial crisis. That being said, we have still seen peaks and valleys and the only certainty seems to be uncertainty. As such, many Facility Managers are still pushed to find lower cost office cleaning services as a result of tight budgets and the near continual drive for cost saving measures. One good cost saving option is outsourcing your commercial cleaning services. Not only will outsourcing help reduce costs, it can also significantly improve the quality of cleaning as well as reduce the overall workload in your facility.

Making the choice to outsource commercial cleaning can be a significant one. Outsourcing isn’t a one and done solution for fixing all the problems that can plague your office cleaning, and outsourcing your janitorial services does not guarantee competency, professionalism or responsiveness. However, choosing the right commercial cleaning company can be a great way to protect your facilities reputation, reduce operation costs, and improve energy and waste efficiency by taking advantage of individual or integrated cleaning solutions. How can outsourcing your office cleaning benefit you and your facility?

1- The Price is Right for Outsourcing Office Cleaning

Making the choice to outsource your cleaning services will change your bottom line in a number of significant ways. First, there are immediate benefits as a professional janitorial service provider can cut down cleaning time while increasing what actually gets done. Similarly, you commercial cleaning company will have more optimal pricing on equipment, supplies, and other goods. Finally, the costs of recruiting, screening, hiring, training, and administration are all cut. The time and cost of all these administrative actions as well as paying for healthcare and employee verification are all tasked to your commercial cleaning company.

2 – Outsourcing Your Building’s Cleaning Will Improve The Cleanliness Of Your Facility

The right commercial office cleaning company focuses on a specific task, the cleaning and maintenance of your facility. As such, many of these companies can offer cleaning at a level that isn’t possible if that isn’t the core of your business. Taking care of cleaning in your facility yourself isn’t a good way to keep your facility clean. It is essentially running a completely different business within the business you are already running. Too much divided attention, too many divided resources. Further, is it your life’s ambition to run a commercial cleaning company? If the answer is no, then outsourcing your labor to a competitive, professional commercial cleaner is the best way to keep your facility clean and your energy focused on the core elements of YOUR business. Likewise, larger more experienced companies can offer more cleaning solutions as well as accommodate most needs without thinking twice.

3 – Value is Key, and Outsourcing Cleaning Adds Value

A professional cleaning company is responsible for the acquisition and maintenance of all their supplies and equipment. They have the purchasing power and scale to get value for each purchase and upgrade allowing them to use better products, better equipment, all that deliver quality, efficiency and value to you the customer.

4 – Outsourcing Building Maintenance Can Make Life Easier

As with so many facilities, your needs likely shift throughout the year and you may experience peak and down times. A janitorial company that is a good fit for your facility will have a large employee base that can be ramped up or ramped down as your needs change. Most competent janitorial service providers in Michigan also have trained floaters that keep coverage uniform even if employees take time off or are sick.

Don’t Use Employees to Clean That Weren’t Hired For Cleaning

If you shift cleaning responsibility to employees that were hired for something else to manage your cleaning, you’ll find that often work goes unfinished, is poorly done, or that employee turnover rates increase. Having your employees manage cleaning will almost always result in unhappy employees and an unclean facility. The person hired for admin work has no interest in cleaning bathrooms. Not only will the work most certainly suffer, morale will take a direct hit.

Outsourcing Cleaning Services Moves Liability And Insurance Costs From You To Your Commercial Cleaning Company

As in any industry, with cleaning and janitorial, there are specific liabilities associated with janitorial jobs. As such, you need to insure you are protected against exposure and litigation. Outsourcing your commercial office cleaning shifts this responsibility to your janitorial service provider. Just be certain to confirm adequate coverage. Any professional office cleaning company can easily, quickly provide this to you.

Management Intensive Duties Are Wasting Your Time

Choosing to outsource your janitorial cleaning service will reduce work for you. When you switch the responsibility of staffing, training, maintaining standards, finding supplies, and equipment repair among many other time consuming tasks becomes your contractor’s allowing you to put your time, focus and attention were it is needed most.

Outsourcing Office Cleaning Adds Up to More Professional Services

Choosing to outsource your office cleaning services to a professional means that you can have more cleaning done better and in less time. Effective commercial cleaners take advantage of advanced industry methods to make sure you get the highest quality cleaning in the least amount of time. Whether it be industry specific such as industrial cleaning, medical office cleaning, school cleaning, or green cleaning solutions, your commercial office cleaning service can help you keep your facility in tip-top condition.

Your Facility Needs You To Manage, Not To Be Bogged Down With Cleaning & Maintenance Scheduling

Most of the Facility Managers we know have pretty full dance cards. With all of the things that need to be managed in your facility, how great is it to be able to offload the office cleaning to a trusted contractor? When you contract with a professional, effective, commercial cleaning company, you are allowing yourself to put focus where it is needed most.  Of course, to take advantage of outsourcing, you need to choose an office cleaning service that is right for you and your facility. Not every company can be a fit for every facility, but when you find the right janitorial cleaning company and outsource this labor intensive part of building maintenance, you’ll find that facility maintenance becomes much easier to manage so that you can get back to doing what you do best.

The Benefits of Outsourcing Your Commercial Cleaning

As a business owner, you know the importance of maintaining a clean, healthy work environment. But with so much already on your to-do list, keeping up with all that scrubbing, washing, dusting, mopping, and vacuuming can be a challenge. If you’re thinking about handing the cleaning duties over to someone else, here are some reasons why outsourcing your commercial cleaning services is a win-win solution for you and your employees!

Reduce costs

Outsourcing your commercial cleaning can have a really big impact on your bottom line. Think about it…no more paying your employees to take on the cleaning tasks, and no more shelling out for costly cleaning equipment like vacuum cleaners, cleaning products, and supplies. When you use commercial janitorial services, everything is provided by the company. Plus, these services can be customized to fit your budget.

Expertise

When it comes to health, hygiene, and attention to detail, commercial cleaning companies have the highest standards in the industry. Professional custodians are highly trained in their field, using state-of-the-art cleaning equipment and products that thoroughly clean and disinfect your workplace.

Access to a wide range of services

If you don’t like the hassles of dealing with different contractors, many commercial cleaning companies offer a wide variety of services for your convenience. From floors and windows to carpets, restrooms and more, professional custodians use proven methods and techniques to meet all your cleaning needs.

Reasons Outsourcing Cleaning Services Might Be the Solution Your Are Looking For

Transfer of Management Intensive Duties to Service Contractor

Every issue regarding the management of your cleaning operations becomes your contractor’s responsibility. This can include staffing issues, cleaning standards, the procurement of supplies, equipment and products and other resource draining operations. With someone else handling these responsibilities  you can lighten your load and you and your staff can focus on other duties.

Transfer of Liability & Insurance Costs to Cleaning Service Contractor

Due to the nature of the work, there are specific liabilities associated with a cleaning staff. Insuring you are properly covered costs money and time as you must adjust coverage as the scope of the services and people change. Outsourcing cleaning services to a professional company can save you time and money as they will insure their own employees and can even add you or the facility owner to their contractor’s policy shielding you from third party litigation.

This entry was posted in Cleaning on by .

Pain Management Clinics

What to Expect During Your First Pain Management Appointment

We understand that as a new patient, you may be apprehensive or nervous about receiving care from someone other than your primary care physician. Our team wants to assure you that your wellbeing will be made a number one priority. In order to diminish some of that nervous energy and demonstrate our commitment to you, we have provided information on what to expect during your first pain management appointment.

For your convenience, please review and complete your new patient paperwork prior to your first visit. These forms include areas to fill out your medical background and present pain issues in the form of a health questionnaire, as well as Tulsa Pain’s medication and financial policy. 

We cannot speak on behalf of other pain clinics, but at Tulsa Pain, patients always receive a thorough evaluation before undergoing treatment or taking pain medication. This ensures our patients’ health and pain history, among other things, are being considered before treatment plans that are custom to the patient’s unique, individual needs are being made.

During the comprehensive evaluation, patients should provide as much health and pain-related information as possible. This will help our team better understand how to best treat your pain condition/symptoms. Some of this information may include:

  • Treatment plans from your primary care physician or any other medical provider.
  • Previous procedures and surgeries along with any current medical problems.
  • X-rays, laboratory results, or any other diagnostic imaging or testing done within the last few years.
  • List of current medications and prescriptions that include dosage and frequency (if applicable).

First visit to a pain management doctor

On the first visit, a pain management doctor will ask you questions about your pain symptoms. He or she may also look at your past records, your medication list, and prior diagnostic studies (X-ray, MRI, CT). It helps if you bring any prior, available studies (X-rays, CT scans, MRIs). The doctor will perform a thorough physical exam. At the first visit, It helps to have a pain journal or at least, to be aware of your pain patterns.

Common things your doctor may ask on the first visit:

  1. Where is your pain? (what body part)
  2. What does your pain feel like? (dull, aching, tingling)
  3. How often do you feel pain? (how often during the day or night)
  4. When do you feel the pain? (with exercise or at rest)
  5. Setting for the pain? (is it worse standing, sitting, laying down)
  6. What makes your pain better? (does a certain medication help)
  7. Have you noticed any other symptom when you have your pain? (like loss of bowel or bladder control)

What to Expect

Evaluation & Treatment

During your first visit, a pain management specialist will perform a thorough assessment and develop a plan for your care. This plan will be shared with your family physician as well as the healthcare team assembled to address your needs. On return visits, additional treatment will be provided and your progress will be evaluated by the physician and the healthcare team.

Throughout the treatment process, the support staff will communicate your progress to your referring and family physicians. As you near the end of your treatment plan, Cleveland Clinic practitioners will spend additional time providing you with information about how to manage your condition. Through expert care, Cleveland Clinic strives to bring a better quality of life for you and your loved ones.

Throughout the treatment process, the department will communicate your progress to your referring and family physicians. As you near the end of your treatment plan, we will spend additional time providing you with information about how to manage your condition.

What You Should Expect from Your Pain Management Program

If you are considering pain management treatment, you are likely to have many questions. Frequently Asked Questions about Pain Management

Do you need a referral for pain management?

A referral is required for several reasons. The most important is to provide the evaluating pain management physician with all relevant history and data so that the consultation is productive and focused on the patient and his/her pain problem. The best way to obtain a referral to a pain management specialist is through your primary care physician.

Should I drive myself to my pain management appointment?

Depending on your circumstances, you will be advised of the need for someone to drive you home after your first appointment. It is our policy that every patient who has an invasive procedure must have a ride home. Many procedures performed can cause associated numbness, weakness, and/or loss of position sense, which can make the ability to operate an automobile difficult.

What happens at the first pain management appointment?

It is important to know what to expect at your first pain management appointment. At your first visit, you meet with a pain management nurse who reviews your pain problem and medical history. You will be seen by a nurse, a physician assistant and the physician. A pain management physician performs a medical history, physical examination and reviews any test or X-ray results. Your physician will develop a customized pain treatment plan based on your individual assessment. This initial evaluation is important, because a full and complete assessment is a key component in developing your customized treatment plan.

Will I be treated on the first visit to a pain management clinic?

In some cases, patients are treated on the first visit. However, most patients will be scheduled for their procedure after undergoing appropriate preparation. Einstein’s pain management process consists of communication with the patient’s primary care physician and specialists as part of a team approach to a comprehensive care plan.

Can I go back to work after my visit?

If you receive an epidural injection or any other catheterization procedure, we usually recommend you take it easy and let your body be your guide. Recovery times may vary depending on your occupation. Discuss this with your physician.

What Is a Pain Management Agreement?

A pain medication agreement is a contract between a doctor and a patient. The goal of the agreement is to ensure that patients who are taking opioid drugs do so exactly as their doctor has prescribed.

In theory, these agreements are not only designed to protect the patient from drug abuse, but they also protect the doctor in case the patient abuses the medication in some way.

Years ago, pain medication agreements were rare. They were only required by pain clinics and pain management specialists. But with the increase in opioid addictions, and the scrutiny of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) on doctors who prescribe the medications, more general and family practitioners also are requiring patients who take long-term opioid pain medication to sign them.

This entry was posted in Health on by .

All About Outdoor Electrical Lighting

Garden Lighting Tips

Garden lighting tips for the do-it-yourself gardener and landscaper. Even though outdoor landscape lighting is easy to install, it is always best to have some tips and ideas when going through the process of your garden lighting design.

In addition to using all possible skill in concealing your sources of illumination as we discussed in “Lighting the Garden”, there are other principles of good design for setting up your garden lighting.

Garden Lighting Tips For Executing Your Lighting Plan

Since natural light almost always comes from above, the bulk of your exterior lighting whether it is outdoor solar lights, solar garden lights or electric garden lights, should come from the same direction – from overhead – and the higher the better.

Use comparatively low wattage flood lights for most of this, never any outdoor lights or light bulbs larger than 100 watts. Consider low-voltage lighting as well.

Garden spotlights should be used sparingly in the landscape and for accent lighting only. Use them to highlight an otherwise evenly illuminated scene, or to point out an interesting landscape detail or feature like a pool.

Follow the manufacturer’s specifications as to the maximum wattage bulb to be used in any light fixtures. But remember, a smaller bulb will often be adequate for lighting fixtures, and with surprisingly pleasing results. LED garden lights or LED lights put out a lot of light and are efficient.

Besides making certain that your landscape lights do not shine into your eyes, courtesy also requires that they do not shine into your neighbor’s eyes. One way to check this is to take a walk around the garden at night while the lights are on… or ask your neighbor!

When lighting a large flower bed or other planting area in the garden, it is better to use a number of smaller lights rather than a single large unit. This creates a series of softly overlapping pools of light that are free of harsh glare in the center.

Very little of your landscape lighting should be front lighting. Regardless of whether the light comes from above or below, most of the light should come from the sides. Try to have more coming from one side than the other. This results in better modeling, and will give a more interesting shadow effect. Experiment with back lighting also for interesting silhouette effects.

Comparatively solid objects will be illuminated more effectively than thin skeleton-like structures. Avoid bare trees, open trellises, and the like.

Select a focal point or center of attraction for each lighted area, and highlight this by emphasizing it with additional brightness, point out its most attractive features with one or two spotlights, or with a light coming from an unusual angle, such as straight up.

Make full use of light-colored reflective surfaces as wall lights in your lighting scheme. Light-colored walls and fences often can be used to advantage to extend the source of illumination by reflecting and diffusing the rays of light over a wide area.

Lighting systems

Plan for good lighting design

Lighting can be your highest business energy cost – and your greatest opportunity for savings. Reducing heat output from your lighting can also reduce your air conditioning costs. Without proper lighting, productivity, safety, security and overall aesthetics can be compromised. Good lighting design contributes to employee comfort and health, which in turn can result in greater productivity.

Turn off lights when not in use

Lights should be turned off whenever an area is unoccupied, including unused common areas such as copy rooms, break rooms, conference rooms and restrooms.

If your lights can be controlled separately, turn off lights whenever there is enough natural light.

Post reminders next to light switches or install occupancy sensors to keep lights off in unused areas. Occupancy sensors turn off lights automatically when space is unoccupied saving about 25% of the lighting energy.

Use task lighting when appropriate

Instead of using ceiling fixtures that light entire rooms, use compact fluorescent or LED (Light Emitting Diodes) task lighting.

Replace lamps before they lose effectiveness

The light output of a fluorescent lamp decreases as it ages, yet the same amount of energy is consumed to produce this lower level of light.

Remove lamps that are not needed

Many lighting systems are over-designed, providing too much light for the task. This is inefficient and can make the working space uncomfortable. In some cases, lamps or whole lighting fixtures can be removed or retrofitted without creating lighting problems (de-lamping), although this may create uneven lighting in the working environment.

How to Hang String Lights Outdoors

Bring a soft, inviting glow to your backyard, porch or patio by installing cafe-style globe lights to twinkle overhead

Nothing beats cafe-style string lights for their ability to quickly improve the ambiance in an outdoor space. In the evening, their soft glow overhead can visually transform an ordinary patio into a party-ready spot for hosting friends or cheer up a dim walkway with an inviting luminescence.

Outdoor string lights are a cinch to put up if you have the perfectly positioned trees or fence. If you don’t have trees, a fence or another tall outdoor object, it doesn’t take much — just a little more time and a few additional supplies — to set up any outdoor space for cafe lights. Here’s how to hang string lights over your deck, patio, balcony, garden or anywhere else you’d like a little extra glow.

For string lights strung over a large expanse:

String light suspension kit (includes wire cable and suspension hardware like turnbuckles, snap hooks, lock clamps and pad eyes with screws )

Wire cutters

For yards without trees or other tall supports:

10-foot-long wooden posts or 10-foot-long metal poles (electrical metal tubing, aka EMT or thin-wall, is available at home improvement stores in 10-foot lengths, which you may need to cut)

Hammer

Nails or screws (if attaching to a fence)

Sturdy planters or weighted buckets filled with concrete and a PVC pipe slot in center (one planter or bucket for each post)

18-inch-long metal rebar stakes (one for each pole; needed only if using EMT and mounting lights over a lawn)

Cable ties

Outdoor Lighting Guide: Exterior Lighting Tips and Tricks

Outdoor Lighting

Outdoor lighting is, as the name implies, designed for use outside, or on the exterior of a building or in an outdoor space. Because they are exposed to the elements day and night, Outdoor lights must be and resistant to weather. Outdoor lighting, especially outdoor motion sensor lights, can also enhance security.

Exterior lighting isn’t just about security however. In this outdoor lighting guide you’ll learn the different types of outdoor light fixtures, where to place them in your backyard or garden for maximum aesthetic and security benefits, and the kind of benefits each outdoor light provides.

Outdoor Light Fixtures

Perhaps the most common type of outdoor lighting, there are several major types of outdoor light fixtures, designed mainly around how they are mounted to surfaces. These weather-resistant light fixtures light the outside of your house itself, emphasizing architectural detail and lighting entryways and driveways.

Outdoor Wall Lights for Porch or Garage

A popular form of outdoor lighting is to mount a light onto the exterior walls of your home as outdoor house lights. Ideally you’ll place outdoor lights in key areas close to where you’ll be moving or operating at night, such as porch lights or garage lighting

Porch lights

Porch lights are mounted usually either side or at least one side of your main front entrance. These outdoor wall lights are designed to spread light in a local area, outwards and downwards.

Safety Tips for Using Electricity Outdoors

Thanks to advancements in technology, using electricity outdoors is now safer and easier than ever before. This opens up a whole world of creative outdoor lighting, unique devices like fountains and water features, and so much more. However, using electricity outdoors still isn’t without risk, and it’s important to make sure that you minimize this risk to avoid injury or the possibility of a fire.

Never Use Extension Cords as Permanent Solutions

Extension cords enable us to use electricity nearly anywhere, but they are not designed as a permanent solution, and should never be seen as such. In fact, extension cords should always be taken down and put away shortly after being used in order to prevent them from becoming damaged. Over time, exposure to the elements could cause the rubber or plastic shielding around your extension cord to wear out, become brittle, and crack, exposing the current-carrying wires on the inside to the world. Even the slightest touch could cause a short that sparks a fire or results in serious injury.

Make Sure Lights Are Rated for Outdoor Use

There are millions of different types of light fixtures available on the market these days, and it should come as no surprise that not all lights are made equal. We understand that your outdoor space is becoming as popular of a place to decorate and truly personalize as the rest of your home, but that’s no reason to try to use an indoor-rated light fixture in an outdoor area. Indoor light fixtures simply aren’t sealed or protected against the elements, which means water can easily get into potentially dangerous spots like electrical connections.

Protect All Outlets

If you want to avoid a potential electrical disaster, you need to make sure any outdoor outlets are protected. Start by making sure the outlets themselves are either a GFCI-equipped receptacle or are on the same circuit as a GFCI. GFCI outlets are designed to shut off if they detect too much current loss between the power supply and the return, thus protecting you in the event of a short. You should periodically test all of these outlets to ensure that your GFCI continues to work, as they can wear out over time and lose their ability to protect you.

Second, you should always cover every outdoor outlet with an approved bubble cover in order to keep rain and other moisture away from it. These covers generally run just a few dollars at your local hardware store and are pretty easy to install. However, they are specifically designed to create a seal that keeps water away from the outlet. Do this for any outdoor outlet, including those which are covered.

Necessity Of Cable Ties And Circuit Breakers

circuit breakers

complete line up of low and medium-voltage circuit breakers provide circuit protection in alternative energy, commercial, industrial, mining, and military applications, while protecting against overloads and short circuits in conductors

circuit breaker types

case circuit breakers

Case circuit breakers are used to provide circuit protection in various industry applications, where they protect against overloads and short circuits in conductors. These circuit breakers are applied in panelboards, switchboards, motor control centers, control panels, combination starters, individual enclosures, and bus duct plug-in units

Residential circuit breakers

residential circuit breakers are used in load centers, panelboards, or similar devices. They are made for a wide range of applications and include: arc fault circuit interrupters (AFCI); and ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCI)

Low voltage air circuit breakers

provides comprehensive low-voltage power circuit breaker solutions to meet the demands of power distribution systems worldwide.

Medium-voltage vacuum circuit breakers

vacuum circuit breakers provide centralized control and protection of medium-voltage power equipment and circuits in utility, industrial, commercial, mining and marine installations involving generators, motors, feeder circuits, and transmission and distribution lines.

Circuit Breakers and Switches

Explore circuit breakers, the foundation of safe power distributions and the main protection from electrically-caused fires. Protect each line carrying energy or supplying appliances by choosing the correct sized circuit breaker, that will automatically disconnect in the event of a short circuit, or a cable overload. Add switches, to enable manual on-offs or disconnection for maintenance, and transfer switches to connect backup energy sources.

Air Circuit Breakers – ACBs

Air circuit-breakers (ACBs) protect the largest carrying currents up to 6300 A. They can be used for source coupling or changeovers. To all high-level electrical professionals, it sounds like a saga of innovative breakthroughs. Experience full connectivity of the latest generation, with embedded algorithms enabling ever-higher energy reliability and efficiency

Molded Case Circuit Breakers – MCCBs

ComPact molded case circuit breakers (MCCBs) protect cables sized for 100A to 3200 A. Their highest breaking capacities allow them to protect also smaller cables, when connected close to a powerful energy source. As one pillar of digitally connected power distributions, ComPact breakers take part in energy consumption and asset management optimization. Benefit from 65 years of technological leadership, and rely on proven quality, opted for even in most demanding environments.

Switch-disconnectors

The extensive assortment of switch disconnectors, based on undisputed leading ComPact and MasterPact technologies, help users to manually or remotely interrupt lines with capacities up to 6300 A

Transfer switches

Transferpact transfer switches perform changeover between 2 or 3 power sources, by controlling and synchronizing incoming devices on each side, either circuit breakers or switch disconnectors

How to choose the right circuit breaker?

If you choose a contactor, you choose a size greater than the full load amps. You must derate if you have frequent starts, or jogging duty.

If you choose contactor, you need to consult the tables on expected life when you size based.

Now you need to select what type of overload relay you want. Bi-metallic or electronic, manual or automatic reset? Choose the rating based on the directions for what you choose.

If you are placing the circuit breaker next to the contactor, you can choose a Motor or a thermal-magnetic trip breaker. You have to protect for currents above the overloads trip curve.

If the circuit breaker is remote, and supplying the feeder to the motor controller, you again need to decide if you want fault only protection, or a regular breaker.

Choosing Circuit Breakers and Fuses

Make sure your breakers and fuses are rated for the appropriate dc voltage and breaking amperage

The dc Voltage rating assures the breaker or fuse will actually stop the current when it trips. Ac breakers may allow the current to continue to flow after they trip since dc will jump a much larger gap than the same ac voltage

Breaking amperage – if the current exceeds this rating the breaker/fuse may also fail to interrupt the current. This is very important when using large battery banks and fat cables. Most automotive fuses are rated to 1000 A breaking current, but a small sized 12-V battery bank with appropriately fat cables can easily exceed 2000 A of current if the cables get shorted together. The fuse would blow, but current jumps the gap and keeps flowing, melting down the wiring insulation and copper, possibly burning someone or starting a building fire.

Surface mount Breakers

Make appropriate surface mount breakers for 12-V and 24-V small to medium sized solar power systems. The series can be easily screwed to a piece of plywood and has 5/16 in studs for connecting your power cables. They are marine rated and breaking amperage is 5000 A.  The series is similar but has smaller 1/4 in studs and is not marine rated.

Box mounted Breakers

We recommend Solar breakers, which come in two different styles for fitting in different types of electrical boxes. They have a breaking amperage of 10,000 A and dc voltage rating up to 150 V.

Battery Mounted Fuses

Since there is so much power available from your battery bank it’s a really good idea to have a properly rated fuse right on each battery string in case the fat battery cables accidentally get shorted together.  A terminal fuse block mounts directly on a battery stud and can break 10,000 A. Fuses come in a variety of amperages.

Choosing A Location For Breaker Panels

The location of the breaker panel or box needs to be carefully planned due to strict regulations on their placement. We are produced through the association. Although the codes are not law, they are used as a reference for state and local authorities on which to base building codes relating to electrical wiring.

GUIDELINES ON BREAKER PANELS

The specifically addresses breaker panels in Article 110 of the regulatory guidelines, addressed as “Requirements of Electrical Installations.”

For breaker panels, an area referred to as the “working space” is the area around the breaker panel that must be free of any other installations. According to the working space around the breaker panel must be at least 6′ 6” high and 3 feet square away from the wall, with 30” width. This allows the door to be opened to the panel, with nothing blocking the area.

The working handle of the highest center grip should not be more than 6′ 7” from the floor.

Breaker panels should not be located in small, enclosed rooms such as a closet, bathroom, pantry or small storage room.

Breaker panels must be easily accessible. No furniture or other obstructions should be placed in the working space, making it easy to approach the front of the panel.

Illumination of the area is essential. Although having a light in the room of the breaker panel may be considered sufficient by code, it may be worth dedicating a circuit to a light above the panel. This gives direct light to make it easy to see switches in dim conditions.

BEST LOCATIONS FOR BREAKER PANELS

When deciding where to position a breaker panel, a few factors should be considered. The panel or box will need to be easily accessible; however, most people also want the box out of view, especially in a home or business. The trick is to find an area that is large enough to meet the working space standards set, and that is out of sight, while still easy to access

Some common areas that may meet these stipulations include:

Under stairways. If there is sufficient space, breaker panels can be placed under the stairs where there is easy access.

Garages. For homes with attached garages, this is the perfect place for installing a breaker panel. An area near the door that connects to the garage would be a good choice.

Basements. Many homes and buildings have the breaker panel in the basement. Just ensure that there is enough emergency lighting in case of a power outage to find the box in the dark.